Lakeside daisy, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon.

Manitoulin Gold - A rare spiring wildflower growing on a Manitoulin Island Alvar.
Photo taken May 20, 2006.


Andy's Northern Ontario Wildflowers logo

"Each stem of every flower conceals a thousand words - Be gentle with them" - translated after Fujiwara-no-Hirotsugu
"Teaching should be such that what is offered is perceived as a valuable gift and not as a hard duty." - Albert Einstein



Alpine Wildflowers

Yukon Wildflowers

Giant Hogweed

Sudbury Wildflowers


Plant List

Selection by Colour

Flowering period

Waste area wildflowers

Wildflower Meadows

Wildflowers of deciduous and coniferous forests

Wildflowers and plants in wet areas (lakes, bogs, beaches)


Flowering Shrubs

Wildflowers and slide shows from other geographic areas: Bearskin Lake First Nation, Marten Falls First Nation, North Spirit Lake First Nation, Eabametoong First Nation, Webequie First Nation

Other "Plants"

Mushrooms + Fungi

Moss & lichen


Burwash Scenery

Seasonal images of Burwash (Spring, summer, fall, winter)

Burwash Area Images

Local Wildlife

Birds, Animals, Amphibians, Reptiles, Insects, Butterflies, Scats and Tracks

Manitoulin Wildflowers

Manitoulin Alvar Types and Wildflowers

Shore alvar flowering plants

Open alvar pavement flowering plants

Grassland alvar flowering plants

Alvar Woodland flowering plants

Sand dune and beach plants

Items for Sale

Store - wildflower products + services

Wildflower Tours

Wildflower Note Cards

Wildflower Fridge Magnet

Wildflower Prints

Stock Images or Images for Personal and Commercial Use

Wildflower Identification Sheets

Alvar Wildflower Posters


Public Presentations on Geology and Wildflowers

Other Information


Invasive Plants

Plant Hardiness Map

Favorite Links

Reference Books

Guest Comments

Copyright Notice

Site Changes


Illustrated on this site are photographs of some common wildflowers that grow in and around the city of Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.  All flowers illustrated were photographed in their wild setting or habitat in, or close to, the city of Sudbury.  Wildflowers photographed at other locations are labeled accordingly.

The city of Sudbury is located about 400 km (240 miles) north of Toronto.

Location Map of Sudbury and Burwash Area


My goal is to increase the awareness of the types and habitats of wildflowers and some associated plants that grow near the City of Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, and wildflowers that grow in other localities in northern Ontario, Canada.  The content of the pages are designed for both adults and children. Some pages, such as the Burwash Area Wildlife page, are aimed primarily at children to help them better appreciate the different types of wildlife, where they live, and what their droppings, or scat, look like.


If you send a question to me, I will do my best to provide a timely answer. I do travel quite a lot so expect delays in my response, especially during the summer.

If you have a hotmail account, it is likely that my answer will NEVER reach you. Hotmail uses a robust spam filter and my ISP ( is frequently blocked. You can help by asking hotmail not to block

How To Use This Site:

Each wildflower entry is listed under:

The plant description gives concise information about the colour, leaf, stem, height, and sometimes other information about the flower and plant.

Flower Names:

The English and scientific names are included on these pages. The English name is the one more commonly known in Ontario. Some plants have several common names.  The Latin name is generally made of two words.  The first is the genus. The second word is the specific epithetis. Both names together make up the species name.  Often there are several species in a genus. For example, Goldenrods belong to the genus Solidago. Each type of Goldenrod has a different specific epithet  name, such as, Erect goldenrod (Solidago erecta).


I am not a professional botanist. This is a hobby. I have tried my best to correctly identify the plants. I have tried my best to correctly name the plants.  However, many species are distinguished by subtle differences that are not readily visible to the eye - especially to the non-specialist, such as I am. If there is an error, please let me know.



Check out the Store for various items and tours.

Hardiness Zone:

The plant hardiness zone of Sudbury is 4a. Some plants illustrated grow on Manitoulin Island, southwest of Sudbury. The hardiness zone of Manitoulin Island is 5.

See the Plant Hardiness Map for areas in eastern Canada.

Non-technical Presentations and "Talks:

I am available to deliver non-technical presentations to general audiences and nature groups on wildflowers, the relationship between wildflowers, flowering plants and geology, and the relationship between geology and society.  Examples of these illustrated presentations are available for review.  Contact me for details.

A Word about Licensing Images

Are you interested in entering into a license agreement to use one of my images? I do offer a range of license agreements to meet the needs of most users. However, I do not give my images away. I ask for a small license fee to pay for the website, to cover my production costs. and to ensure that you REALLY want to use one of my images.

Remember, copyright for all my images is protected by international law.

Click the button for information about copyright and licensing.

Link to tours.

CAUTION - Culinary and medicinal use of plants

Andy's Northern Ontario Wildflowers does not encourage, recommend, promote, or endorse any folk remedies, cooking practices, or various uses of any plant described on this web site. I include information about medicinal of culinary uses of plants for historical and cultural interest. Please, do not use the medicinal or culinary information for human consumption. Many plants are toxic or can cause unpleasant or adverse reactions if used or encountered carelessly.

Plants can be poisonous. Click here for information.

For a list of common plant poisons, click here, care of the Nova Scotia Museum - Poison Plant Patch

How well do you know the poisonous plants that occur in Ontario.
Take the quiz.

Site Changes

Andy's Northern Ontario Wildflowers





Who is Andy Fyon?

How to Contact Me:

Please use email to connect with me. I am frequently on the road and I cannot always access a telephone - voice messages will not work!  Email is limited while I am travelling, but better than voice messages. Forgive me if I have not returned a voice message.

Andy Fyon
Sudbury, Ontario, Canada


- Click on the name of the habitat of interest - 

Habitat button

Plant Watch

Document the flowering periods for flowering plants in your geographic area.  The PlantWatch program enables "citizen scientists" to get involved by recording flowering times for selected plant species and reporting these dates to researchers through the Internet or by mail. When you submit your data electronically. Click here to find out how:

Journey North

Seasonal change is all around us. Journey North is a free, Internet-based program that explores the interrelated aspects of seasonal change. Through interrelated investigations, students discover that sunlight drives all living systems and they learn about the dynamic ecosystem that surrounds and connects them.

Track Seasonal Changes in Your Region!

Click here if you are interested in the history of botanical exploration and the development of botanical thought (University of Toronto)

Check the page that illustrates flowering periods.

What Is Flowering in Sudbury Area? - Flowering Periods

Click here to see Past Presentations

Events and presentations by Andy Fyon. PowerPoint presentations on this website are web optimized, but are still large.  Some pages and enhancements have been removed from the web version.


March 17, 2014: Wildflowers of Ontario (and elsewhere) (aka Geological Processes, Geological Habitats, and Plant Communities); Canadian Federation of University Women - Sudbury; starts 8 PM, March 17/14; Canadian Hearing Society, 1223 Paris Street, Sudbury, Ontario; for information:;; Sudbury chapter:

February 23, 2014: What on Earth - Geology and Wildflowers, Sudbury Area; 2 PM; Sudbury Horticultural Society; Canadian National Institute for the Blind, York Street, Sudbury.


May 11, 2013: Geological History, Habitat and Flowering Plants, Manitoulin Island; Annual General Meeting of District 13 of Ontario Horticultural Association; starts 11 AM - 12 noon; Missionary Church 51 Yonge Street, Mindemoya, Manitoulin Island, Ontario. Contact Penny Palonen at

May 5, 2013: Geological History, Habitat and Flowering Plants French River Area; talk relates the local geological history to local flora; French River Horticultural Society; May 5, 2013, start 2 PM at the St. Antoine School, Noelville, Ontario. Contact: Donna Butson:


October 10, 2012: North Bay Heritage Gardeners, 7 PM, North Bay Museum (old train station at the water front), North Bay, Ontario. Title: Wild Rocks and Wildflowers: Personal Insights for the Local Garden.

August 14, 2012Friends of Misery Bay, starts 1:30 PM at the Centre Building, Misery Bay; Manitoulin Geology, People, and Plants; relationship between geology, people, and plants. Presentation sponsored by the Ontario Geological Survey.


July 16, 2011: Ontario Horticultural Association Convention, 1:30-2:20 PM, Radisson Hotel and Conference Centre, Sudbury, Ontario. Title: Three Billion Years. Habitat and Flowering Plants Of Northern Ontario. Contact Suzanne Hanna.

July 12, 2011Friends of Misery Bay, starts 1:30 PM at the Centre Building, Misery Bay; Life on, and in, the Rocks: Manitoulin Island Geology and Flowering Plants; 3 billion year geological history of Manitoulin Island and the relationship between that history and plants, ancient people, and possible other topics of societal interest. Contact Tom Moore at or or This will be given jointly with Derek Armstrong (Geoscientist, Ontario Geological Survey).

October 12, 2011: North Bay Heritage Gardeners, 7-8 PM, Discovery North Bay, Upper (2nd floor) Gallery, 100 Ferguson St., North Bay. Title: Earth, fire and water - Geology and Wildflowers, North Bay, Ontario. Contact Monica McLaren, Heritage Gardeners Coordinator:


October 1, 2010: Laurentian University, Department of Earth Science; Life on the Rocks - Geology and Plants - Are They Connected?; 12:00 (noon), Willet Green Miller Centre, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario.

August 24, 2010: Friends of Misery Bay, starts 1:30 PM at the Centre Building, Misery Bay; Life on, and in, the Rocks: Manitoulin Island Geology and Flowering Plants; 3 billion year geological history of Manitoulin Island and the relationship between that history and plants, ancient people, and possible other topics of societal interest. Contact Tom Moore at or or This was given jointly with Derek Armstrong (Geoscientist, Ontario Geological Survey).  A walk followed the talk. This is a larger file - be patient, as it may take up to 1 minute to download.

February 4, 2010: Spanish and District Horticultural Society,  7 PM at the Royal Canadian Legion  in Spanish: "Alien Plants Of The Third Kind" (modified after the January 19/10 Massey Nature Study Group). Contact Fran Lemire at

January 19, 2010: Massey  Nature Study Group; 7:30 PM, Massey & Township Public Library: "Alien Plants Of The Third Kind" (modified after the October 13/09 Penokean Hills presentation). Contact: Oliver Coburn at (705) 865 -1411.


For more information email:
© 1999-2014 Andy Fyon
Sudbury, Ontario

Copyright Notice

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Date last modified:

Andy Fyon

March 16, 2014

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