Bugloss

Bugloss

Andy's Northern Ontario Wildflowers

Alien Wildflowers
Waste Areas
Part 2

 

Home

Alpine Wildflowers

Yukon Wildflowers

Giant Hogweed

Sudbury Wildflowers

Habitat

Plant List

Selection by Colour

Flowering period

Waste area wildflowers

Wildflower Meadows

Wildflowers of deciduous and coniferous forests

Wildflowers and plants in wet areas (lakes, bogs, beaches)

Goldenrods

Flowering Shrubs

Wildflowers and slide shows from other geographic areas: Bearskin Lake First Nation, Marten Falls First Nation, North Spirit Lake First Nation, Eabametoong First Nation, Webequie First Nation

Other "Plants"

Mushrooms + Fungi

Moss & lichen

Ferns

Burwash Scenery

Seasonal images of Burwash (Spring, summer, fall, winter)

Burwash Area Images

Local Wildlife

Birds, Animals, Amphibians, Reptiles, Insects, Butterflies, Scats and Tracks

Manitoulin Wildflowers

Manitoulin Alvar Types and Wildflowers

Shore alvar flowering plants

Open alvar pavement flowering plants

Grassland alvar flowering plants

Alvar Woodland flowering plants

Sand dune and beach plants

Items for Sale

Store - wildflower products + services

Wildflower Tours

Wildflower Note Cards

Wildflower Fridge Magnet

Wildflower Prints

Stock Images or Images for Personal and Commercial Use

Wildflower Identification Sheets

Alvar Wildflower Posters

 

Public Presentations on Geology and Wildflowers

Other Information

Geophytes

Invasive Plants

Plant Hardiness Map

Favorite Links

Reference Books

Guest Comments

Copyright Notice

Site Changes

Habitat:

Illustrated on this page are some northern Ontario wildflowers that occur in waste areas. All plants on this page are alien, plants that were introduced to North America.

Waste areas occur along the roads, highways, and empty lots in the city of Sudbury.

Waste areas have soil that is dominated by sand, gravel, rock, and little organic material. Rain water either runs off quickly or percolates quickly into the porous soil. The soil drys out quickly and has little capacity to store water. Road sides, gravel pits, rock dumps, sandy areas beside sidewalks or dwellings are all typical "waste areas". These areas are open to wind and are VERY hot.

Tall plants in waste areas adapt by developing deep tap roots to assure access to water. Other plants are short with spreading roots. Their short size minimizes exposure to drying winds. Spreading roots rapidly "drink" rain water before it runs off or seeps into the porous soil.

Click here for more habitat information:

 

Alien Plant List:

Common Plants:

Catnip plant, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon

Catnip, also called cat-mint; introduced from Eurasia.

Flower: Tubular; 2 - 6 mm long; clusters of pale white flowers with purplish spots; on terminal parts of main stem and branches; two-lipped; red antlers; June-September. See following flower.

Leaves: Silvery-grey colour; up to 6 cm long; opposite; coarse-leaved; opposite; triangular or heart-shaped base; coarsely toothed; covered with grayish down on the underside.

Stem: Branched; covered with grayish down.

Height: 30-90 cm.

Other: Perennial; Cats love catnip! Smelling catnip drives cats wild. Catnip is collected for the pet industry. There are reports that leopards and lions in zoos also respond to catnip. The Latin name Nepeta is derived from the city Nepi in Italy. The Latin name cataria is derived from the old Latin word cattus meaning for "cat". The plant is distinctive because of its soft, white down covering.

Location: Providence Bay
Date: July 26, 2006

Return to list

Catnip flower.

Location: Providence Bay
Date: July 26, 2006

Cat nip flower head, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon.

chicory

Chicory, also known as Wild succory or Ragged Sailors.

Originated from Europe. Biennial that reproduces by seed.

Flower: Sky blue, one of the purest of blue colours; dandelion-like in form; occur on erect and spreading branches; blue ray flowers that are toothed at outer edge, square tipped; flower closes at noon; 2 to 3 cm across; July to late autumn. See following photo.

Leaves: Broadly oblong or lanceolate; hairy; basal leaves are large and are dandelion-like; smaller leaves are oblong and clasp the stem.

Stem: Branched, hairy, stiff, almost devoid of leaves. Sticky white juice flows from broken stems and leaves.

Height: up to 1.5 m.

Habitat: Roadsides and waste areas.

Interest: A true blue - one of the original "blues". The flowers are at their best in the morning, but begin to look ragged by noon. This feature, and their blue colour, gave rise to the common name Ragged Soldiers. The ancient Egyptians and Arabs used the plant for medicinal purposes. The root is used today as an herbal coffee. Leaves are used in salads. It is reported to have been introduced to United States by Thomas Jefferson in 1774.

Return to list

Chicory flower.

Location: Highway 69, south of Sudbury
Date: August 5, 2002.

 

Return to list

Chicory flower, Sudbury, copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Coltsfoot; alien from Europe; also known as Coughwort, Cough plant, and Horse-hoof (reflects its hoof-shaped leaves).

Family: Daisy

Flower: Yellow; flower heads about 2.5 cm wide with thin ray flowers that surround disk flowers; opens in sunny weather and closes on overcast days and at night; April - June.

Leaves: Basal are 5-17 cm long and broad, flat, hoof- or heart-shaped, slightly toothed, whitish underneath.

Stem: Flower stalk is scaly and single.

Height: 8-45 cm.

Habitat: Found in vacant lots, roadsides, old homesteads, and old town sites.

Interest: A plant with a foot like a colt? No, the common name, Coltsfoot, is derived from the appearance of the leaf to a colt's foot. This is one of the very few plants that produces flowers before its leaves appear. The flowers and leaves are reported to be carcinogenic. The flowers and leaves are reported to be carcinogenic because the plant contains potentially liver-toxic substances called pyrrolizidine alkaloids. For this reason, some sources recommend against using the herb altogether.

Language of Flowers: Means "justice shall be done to you" or "justice shall be done". Source

Return to list

Alien coltsfoot.

Coltsfoot leaves, Burwash, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Coltsfoot leaf, after flowering.

Location: Burwash
Date: September 7, 2002. 

Return to list

Common dandelion; also known as Dent-de-lion; introduced from Europe; perennial.

Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae)

Flower: Yellow; 3 to 5 cm across; many ray florets; seed heads white, round, 3 to 5 cm across; seeds are tipped with a tuft of white hair (pappus or "parachute"); whole plant with sticky white juice; early spring to late autumn.

Leaves: Leaves in a basal rosette on a thick, deeply penetrating taproot; elongated, deeply and irregularly lobed along each side;  amount and shape of toothing can vary between plants.

Stem: Flower head occurs on a long, smooth, leafless, unbranched, hollow stalk that rises from the rosette leaves.

Height: Close to the ground.

Habitat: Occurs in virtually every kind of habitat, from openings in deep woods to cultivated fields, from rocky hillsides to fertile gardens, and lawns. Common on lawns, pastures, meadows and on waste ground.

General Interest: The leaves radiate from the root to form a rosette Iying close upon the ground,. Each leaf is grooved and constructed so that all the rain falling on it is conducted straight to the centre of the rosette and the root. This design keeps the root well watered.

More Information: Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

Location: Manitoulin Island
Date: May 16, 2010

Return to list

Common dandelion, copyright 2010 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Curled dock, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Curled dock; also known as yellow dock, curly dock, and sour dock; introduced from Europe; perennial.

FLOWER: Green or reddish; 4 mm long; outer whorl of 3 green sepals and inner whorl of 3 red sepals; no petals; on long slender, branching cluster at top of a stem; flowers turn brown when they mature; June - September.

LEAVES: Long, narrow, lance-shaped, curled and wavy margins; 15 - 30 cm long; alternate; reduced in size upward.

Stem: Seeds on stem are most distinctive when they are a dark brown colour; bear leaves.

Fruit: seed-like, reddish-brown, 3-sided (see following photos).

Height: up to 1.2 m.

General Interest: Curled dock was first observed in North America in the late 1740's. The seeds of Curled Dock are viable for up to 80 years. The root, steeped in water, has been used as a laxative. The Latin name for the genus (Lapathum) means "to cleanse".  However, the leaves are rich in the poison oxalic acid - do not eat.

Return to list

Curly dock seed, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Curled dock gone to seed in mid-summer.

Interest: The root, steeped in water, has been used as a laxative. In fact, the Latin name for the genus (Lapathum) means "to cleanse". The leaves are rich in the poison oxalic acid - do not eat.

Return to list

curled dock seed in winter, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Curled dock clump in winter.

Note rabbit tracks leading up to the plant. The seed is an important source of winter food.

Return to list

Common Mullein, also known as Torch Flower, torches, velvet dock, big taper, candle-wick, flannel-leaf, Jacob's staff, blanket-leaf, velvet-leaf, devil's-tobacco, and donkey's ears; biennial introduced from Greece.

Flower: Yellow, club-like flower head; flower stalk is 20-50 cm long and 3 cm across; flowers have 5 petals, 5 united petals, and no stem; mid-summer to fall.

Leaves: 1st-year plants consist of a rosette of large, gray, woolly leaves, 15 - 45 cm long covered with woolly hairs (See following photo). Second year leaves are covered with soft felt-like hairs on both sides; leaves clasp the stem and have wavy margins; alternate along stem, 10-40 cm long, but decrease in size upwards.

Stem: Second year plants have a tall, erect stem.

Height: up to 2 m in second year.

Habitat: Roadsides, old gravel or sand pits, railroad sides, vacant lots.

General Interest: Mullein is a plant with a fiery history. The Romans soldiers dipped the tall dried stems into fat, set them aflame, and use them as torches. The down from the leaves was used as wicks for candles. American Indians and early settlers lined their shoes with Mullein leaves to insulate against cold. The Common Mullein has a deep tap root and therefore, is able to tolerate drought. It reproduces by seed. The plant requires about 140 growing days.

Language of Flowers: Means "good nature". Source

Location: Wanapitei River by Secord road bridge.
Date: July 27, 2009

Return to list

Common mullein, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

mullein_leaves, Copyroght 2007 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Mullein leaves of first-year plant.

Location: Burwash
Date: October 8, 2007

Return to list

Mullein flower, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Mullein flowers. Location: Kingston; Date: August 4, 2003

Return to list

mullein_in_winter

Common mullein in winter.

Return to list

Common mullein

Common mullein cluster growing on the edge of a gravel pit.

Return to list

Viper's bugloss, also known as blueweed, blue devil, blue thistle, blue devil, snake flower, viper's-grass.

Flower: Blue (rarely white); funnel-shaped; 2 cm across; 5 sepals, 5 petals, 5 stamens; short, curled flower branches with 1 flower at a time; flowers occur near the top of the stem; long red stamens; June to autumn.

Leaves: Feather-veined, alternate, narrow- to lance-shaped, 1-15 cm long, covered by stiff hairs; 1st year plants produce a rosette of long, narrow, bristly leaves.

Stem: Hairy, bristly; reddish colour; several stems rise from single taproot.

Height: up to 90 cm.

Interest: Biennial reproduces by seed; deep tap root. Introduced from Africa. Folklore states that Viper's Bugloss was a remedy for snake bites. The name Bugloss is of Greek origin and  signifies an Ox's Tongue, and was applied to the plant because of its roughness and shape of the leaves.

Location: Manitoulin Island
Date: July 26, 2006

Return to list

viper's bugloss, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Viper's bugloss flower, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Viper's bugloss, copyright 2006 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Viper's bugloss (blueweed, blue devil) flower.  A rare white-coloured variety was observed on Manitoulin Island near Providence Bay.

Language of Flowers: Means "falsehood". Source

Location: Manitoulin Island, Providence Bay.
Date: July 26, 2006.

Return to list

Common plantain, also known as Rat's tail, Greater plantain, or White-man's foot.

Flower: Greenish-white, tiny; erect, cylindrical flower spikes in late spring to early autumn.

Leaves: Basal rosettes, ovate, strongly ribbed and troughed; prominently veined.

Stem: Leafless

Height: 15 to 45 cm.

Habitat: Waste areas, road sides, and common in your lawns.

Interest: This perennial plant was introduced to North America by early settlers. When the seeds are wet, they are sticky and cling to the feet of cattle and people as they walk over the plants. The scientific name Plantago means sole of the foot. The First Nations people knew that Plantain was not native to their land and used the presence of the plant as a clue in detecting the presence of white men, since the plant appeared wherever European colonists settled.

Location: Kingston
Date: August 4, 2003

Return to list

Common plantain, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Queen Anne's Lace flower, Burwash, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Return to list

Queen Anne's Lace, also known as Bird's Nest or Wild Carrot

Flower: White, flat-topped, umbel-shaped and lacy when fully open, may be central tiny purple floret, look like a bird's nest when old, June to September.

Leaves: first year plants produce a leaf rosette on deep tap root; stiff, 3-forked bracts below main flower cluster; leaves finely divided and subdivided and appear lacy or fern-like.

Stem: Second year plant has a stem up to 1 m tall that is grooved and bristly.

Height: up to 1 m.

Habitat: Waste areas such as sides of roads, railroads, vacant lots.

Interest: At one time, it was fashionable for British ladies to wear the lacy green leaves of Queen Anne's Lace for personal decoration. This may have been the origin of the name Queen Anne's Lace. Other people suggest that the name originated because the flowers resemble delicate circles of lace. In late summer, the sides of the flower head curl inward and look like a bird's nest; hence, the name Bird's Nest. The plant is also closely related to the cultivated carrot and the root of Queen Anne's lace smells like carrot; hence, the common name Wild Carrot.

Location: Burwash
Date: August 4, 2002.

Queen Anne's Lace mass along a road, Sudbury, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Queen Anne's Lace growing in a waste area along the side of a highway.

Location: Shoulder of Highway 69, south of Sudbury.
Date: August 5, 2002.

Return to list

Queen Anne's lace bird nest, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Queen Anne's-lace (wild carrot) in late flower stage.  The flower resembles a bird nest.

Location: Kingston
Date: August 1, 2003.

Return to list

Queen Anne's Lace leaves are fern-like in form.

Location: Kingston
Date: August 1, 2003.

Return to list

Queen Anne's Lace, Copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Butter-and-eggs plant

Butter-and-eggs, introduced from Europe; also called toadflax; wild snapdragon, yellow toadflax, bread and butter, wild snapdragon, flaxseed, Jacob's-ladder, rabbit flower, imprudent lawyer, brideweed, bridewort; perennial

Flower: Yellow, 2-lipped, tubular, spurred flowers; terminal cluster on leafy stem; flowers 2.5 cm long; 5 sepals, 5 petals; upper lip is 2-lobed; lower lip is 3-lobed with orange ridges; May-October. See following photo.

Leaves: 2.5 - 6 cm long; greyish-green; narrow, upper leaves are alternate and grass-like; lower leaves are opposite or whorled.

Stem: Erect, leafy, simple or branching, smooth, with numerous narrow leaves.

Height: 30-90 cm.

Habitat: Waste areas, such as roadsides, edges of meadows, old homesteads, dry fields, railway access.

General Interest: Introduced from Europe in the mid-1800's as a garden plant. The name "bride" in bridewort and brideweed is a disease of pigs that was treated with the plant. The orange coloured lower lip is a nectar guide to insects. This plant got its common name because its appearance reminded someone of yellow butter and an orange egg yoke.  The name toadflax originated from the appearance of the leaves, which resemble flax, and from the flowers, which resemble the mouth of a toad.  Bees fertilize the flower, because bees are heavy enough to depress the lower lip of the flower. Other insects are too light to depress the lower lip of the flower.

Return to list

Butter and eggs flower, Burwash, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Butter-and-eggs flower detail.

Location: Burwash
Date: September 7, 2002

Return to list

Butter-and-eggs.

Butter-and-eggs flower.

Return to list

Bindweed

Field bindweed; also known as European bindweed, creeping jenny, European glorybind, cornbine, or greenvine.

Flower: White or pinkish funnel-shaped flowers; 2-5 cm long and 2-3 cm across; 5 petals fused together; 5 fused sepals; 5 stamens; 1 pistil; flower lasts for 1 day; in groups of 1-4 in leaf axils.

Leaves: 2-6 cm long; 3 cm wide; on stalk; rounded tip and smooth edges; alternate, arrowhead-shaped or triangular.

Stem: Smooth, twining vine.

Height: up to 7 m in length; may climb upon other plants, but usually grows along the ground.

Habitat: Fields, fence sides, and grass lands.

General Interest: A plant that can forecast rain? Field Bindweed resembles Morning Glory, but differs in having 2 rounded stigmas instead of 1 for Morning Glory. Field Bindweed was introduced from Europe into New England in 1739. It was first reported in Ontario in 1879. Plants are reported to be frost tolerant to -10 C, so the plant is unusual in the Sudbury area. The flowers of the Field Bindweed open to the Sun and close towards the end of day or during cloudy weather. Some say the flower forecasts coming rain when its blossoms close during the day. Cultivated varieties are known as "convolvulus".

Language of Flowers: The bindweed flower means "let us unite" or "humility". Once established, bindweed entwines its braided stems around objects and other plants and becomes very hard remove - hence, the flower's motto "let us unite".

Return to list

Field bindweed flower detail.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 26, 2009

Return to list

Field bindweed, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

White dead-nettle (Lamium album); also known as Archangel, white archangel, blind nettle, dumb nettle, deaf nettle, bee nettle.

Flower: White; as clusters in leaf axils, two-lipped, lobed and in clusters; May-October.

Stem: Square, straight, hollow.

Leaves: Heart-shaped, toothed, opposite, pointed tip.

Height: 20-50 cm.

Habitat: Found in light woods, on edges of woodlands, in bushes, gardens, meadows, along the rivers and roads, on waste grounds and garbage places. It prefers rich in nutritious soil.

General Interest: The square stem is typical of the mint family. See following photograph. White dead nettle is NOT related to the stinging nettle. According to an old legend, steel dipped in the juice of this plant becomes flexible.

Language of Flowers: Nettle means "cruelty or slander". Source

Location: Burwash

Return to list

White dead-nettle flower, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Purple dead-nettle

Purple dead-nettle

Flower: Purple or red; in leaf axils, two-lipped, lobed and in clusters; May-October.

Stem: Square; leafless below the leafy flower spike.

Leaves: Heart-shaped, toothed; the leaves overlap.

Height: 20-50 cm.

Other: The square stem is typical of the mint family.

Location: Burwash
Date: September 13, 2003

Return to list

Purple dead-nettle flower head detail.

Location: C109 Ski-doo trail by Paddy Creek
Date: September 29, 2002

Return to list

Purple dead nettle, Paddy Creek, Copyright 2002, Andy Fyon.

Crown-vetch

Flower: Clover-like or pea-like clusters of pink and white flowers; in leaf axils; clusters are 2-3 cm wide; June-August.

Stem: Creeping.

Leaves: Divided into many small paired leaflets; 5-10 cm long.

Height: Ground creeper, but may reach 60 cm in height.

Other: Also known as axseed. Introduced from Europe. Plant adds nitrogen to the soil.

Location: St. Adolphe, Quebec
Date: August 3, 2009.

Return to list

 

Crown-vetch, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Crown-vetch, copyright 2004 Andy Fyon.

Close up of flower head for Crown-vetch.

Location: St. Adolphe, Quebec
Date: August 21, 2004.

Return to list

Birdsfoot trefoil plant, copyright 2005 Andy Fyon., www.ontariowildflower.com

Birdsfoot trefoil

Flower: Yellow; flat-topped terminal clusters; 1 cm long; turn red as the flowers age; June - September.

Stem: Reclining or trailing.

Leaves: Clover-like; compound; 3 ovate leaflets about 1 cm long.

Height: 15-60 cm; creeping and grows low to the ground.

Habitat: Commonly seen along roadsides, in fields, old pasture, and in disturbed areas.

Other: Birdsfoot trefoil was introduced from Europe. A plant shaped like a bird's foot? Birdsfoot trefoil gets its name from the slender, spreading seed pods that look like a bird's foot. It is a legume and a member of the Pea family. Legumes take nitrogen from the atmosphere and fix the nitrogen in to the ground. This improves the quality of the soil and helps the other plants that grow near the Birdsfoot trefoil. Birdsfoot trefoil is also very tolerant of drought because of its deep roots.

Location: Burwash
Date: July 1, 2005

Return to list

Birdsfoot trefoil flower, Burwash, Copyright 2002 Andy Fyon.

Close up view of birdsfoot trefoil flowers.

Language of Flowers: Means "revenge". Source

Location: Burwash
Date: June 22, 2002.

Return to list

Heal-all wildflower, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Heal-all; also known: Carpenter's herb, woundwort, Selfheal; Alien.

Flower: Purple flowers on dense, cylindrical terminal spikes; spikes are up to 2 cm long; flowers are 2-lipped with an arched upper lip; lower lip droops and is fringed; hairy bracts present under the flowers; May-September.

Stem: Square stem, typical of members of the mint family.

Leaves: Lanceolate to ovate; 2-7 cm long; opposite; may have teeth.

Height: 15-30 cm.

Habitat: Meadows, grasslands, and open woodland.

Other: Sprawling plant; introduced from Europe and Asia.

Interest: Heal-all was renowned to heal all wounds in medieval times. The flower of Heal-all resembles an open mouth leading into a throat, so it was thought that the plant was especially good for healing sore throats. However, it was thought to be useful to cure all kinds of sicknesses, so the plant became known as heal-all.

Location: Parry Sound
Date: August 5, 2006.

Return to list

Heal-all flower detail. Note fringed lower lip that is normally too small to observe with just your eyes.

Location: Manitoulin Island
Date: August 2, 2004

Return to list

Heal-all flower, copyright 2004 Andy Fyon.

Sheep sorrel, also known as Common Sorrel or Red Sorrel, Alien from Europe

Family: Smartweed (or Buckwheat) (Polygonaceae)

Flower: Spike-like clusters of reddish flowers; flowers are 2 mm long; spike may be 10 - 20 cm tall; June - October.

Stem: Hosts flowers; somewhat branched.

Leaves: Distinctive arrow-shaped leaves; 2-5 cm long.

Height: 15 - 30 cm.

Habitat: Meadows, road sides, and other disturbed areas.

Other: Introduced from Europe. Favours soils that are low in nutrient and somewhat acid. In masses, sheep sorrel imparts a distinctive red colour to a field.

Interest: The name sorrel is derived from the old French word for sour. The leaves have been used in cooking since the time of the ancient Egyptians. When eaten in large quantities, Sheep sorrel caused poisoning and death in sheep in other countries.

Location: Burwash
Date: June 13, 2009.

Return to list

Sheep sorrel, copyright 2009 Andy Fyon, www.ontariowildflower.com

Bittersweet nightshade, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Bittersweet Nightshade; Alien (England); perennial woody vine; also called Bittersweet, Bittersweet Herb, Bittersweet Stems, Bittersweet Twigs, Blue Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade; Felonwort, Fever Twig, Garden Nightshade, Nightshade, Nightshade Vine, Scarlet Berry, Staff Vine, Violet Bloom, Woody, Woody Nightshade.

Family: Nightshade or Tomato (Solanaceae); includes tomatoes, potatoes, and peppers.

Flower: Purple and yellow; 5 deep purple petals that are 0.5 cm long; are star-shaped and point backwards; in the middle of the 5 petals is a bright yellow "beak" about 0.5 cm long made up of the anthers; entire flower is less than 1.6 cm wide; June-August.

Stem: About 1 cm thick; ashy-green; climbing and vine-like.

Leaves: Dark green or purplish when young; alternate; variable in shape; 3 lobes consisting of 1 large lobe (ca. 1 cm long) and 2 smaller lobes at the base of the leaf, one on each side of the large lobe; alternate with a stalk; lobed leaves are characteristic, but they are not always present.

Fruit: Green berries turn bright red later in the summer; hangs on the vine for months after the leaves have dropped.

Height: Up to 2 m.

Habitat: Thickets in moist areas; along fences and edges of wooded areas.

Interest: Deadly Nightshade is not strongly poisonous, but can cause poisoning, though not usually fatal, if eaten in large quantities. This vine is not common in the Sudbury area, presumably because the Zone 3 climate is too severe for this import from England.

Location: Kingston
Date: August 4, 2003.

Return to list

Bittersweet Nightshade fruit. This plant, including the fruit, is poisonous.

Location: Kingston, Ontario
Date: August 4, 2003.

Return to list

Bittersweet nightshade fruit, copyright 2003 Andy Fyon.

Scentless Chamomile, copyright 2004 Andy Fyon

Scentless Chamomile; Alien; annual to short-lived perennial; also called wild daisy, scentless mayweed, false chamomile, Kandahar daisy or barnyard daisy.

Family:

Flower: White ray florets and central yellow disk florets; daisy-like, 2 to 3 cm across; June - September.

Stem: Erect, smooth, with ascending branches.

Leaves: Fern-like, very finely divided leaves; finely dissected into thread-like segments, smooth, alternate, mostly sessile, dark green.

Height: 15 cm to over 1 metre; may be partly prostrate.

Habitat: Prefers moist, waste areas, road sides and other disturbed habitats where there is little competition from other vegetation.

Interest: The whole plant has virtually no odor when crushed, unlike the Stinking Mayweed (Anthemis cotula), with which the Scentless Chamomile is often confused.

Location: Burwash
Date: September 26, 2004.

Return to list

Scentless chamomile plant, copyright 2005 Andy Fyon

Scentless Chamomile plant.
Date: July 13, 2005.

Return to list

Scentless chamomile leaves, copyright 2004 Andy Fyon.

Scentless Chamomile leaves.

Location: Burwash
Date: September 26, 2004.

Return to list

Top of Page 


For more information email: ajfyon@vianet.on.ca
URL: http://www.ontariowildflower.com/wildflower_waste_alien2.htm
© 1999-2010 Andy Fyon

Page Created By:

webexpress_logo

Date last modified:

Andy Fyon

December 21, 2010.

   Search this site                 powered by FreeFind
 

Site Map    What's New    Search